Qualification Guide: Pursuing an Undergraduate Degree

Choosing an undergraduate degree is a key decision.

An undergraduate degree is typically completed at a university or other higher education institution. It is important to choose the right course and the right university.

While in high school (or secondary school), it is easy to want to follow the bandwagon in picking a university or degree. However you should take time to think about what you enjoy studying, the subjects you're good at, and what careers it could lead to.

You want to avoid changing or leaving your course along the line because you are demotivated.


Graduates have significantly higher rates of employment. A Bachelors also allows you to enrol in postgraduate study.

Choosing the Right Degree

Research. Sign up to our newsletter for frequent updates on advice, courses and scholarship opportunities. An undergraduate degree could be Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Education (BEd), Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) or Bachelor of Laws (LLB). It typically takes three to six years of full-time study to complete an honours degree. Many institutions in the UK include the option to spend a year in industry or study abroad. Alternative qualifications also exist.

Start by narrowing down your degree options. Consider the course structure, modules and timetable. Ask yourself the following questions:

  • Which subjects do I enjoy studying?
  • Which subjects am I good at? What are my strenghts?
  • What do I want to do after university?
  • What is the university's reputation and ranking for the course? - see QS World Rankings
  • Which courses match my studying preferences?
  • Am I interested in additional opportunities such as studying abroad or a year in industry?

Assessments are not universal. Undergraduate degree courses include lectures and group projects. BA students are typically expected to write examinations, submit essay assignments and give presentations while BSc students may undergo practical lab-based tests in addition to written exams and essays.

The grading system varies across different countries and universities. In Nigeria and the UK, 70% or above is typically graded as a first-class honours degree (known as a 1st), while a second-class honours degree in the upper division (2:1) is typically given for marks in the 60-69% range.

Choosing the Right University

Research. Compare universities according to their standards of teaching and learning. Consider:

  • the average cost - tuition, accomodation, standard of living
  • the costs of travel to and from university
  • the university culture, including the students' union and what it can offer you
  • the city or town the university is based in
  • student satisfaction scores.

Identify your preferred schools - It is advisable that you aim for about four or five schools. Check your eligibility. Requirements vary by course and university. Some programs may require an entrance exam (GRE, GMAT). You generally need:

  • Language proficiency if English isn’t your first language (i.e. IELTS, TOEFL, Cambridge Assessment English, PTE Academic)
  • Personal statement
  • High School/Secondary School transcripts
  • Financial evidence or Proof of funds
  • Attend open days and university fairs. Ask current students and alumni about their experiences and get a feel for the university before you apply.

Application Advice

Start your application as soon as possible. Ensure that you match all of the academic requirements for your chosen program(s), before you start the application process. Double-check (proof-read) all your information is correct and ensure you’ve included all required information. Have someone check for spelling/grammar mistakes.

Keep track of important dates - It is important to stay on top of application deadlines throughout the application process. It’s also worth keeping a track of funding/scholarship application deadlines, admission interview dates, deadline for responding to your offer, deadline for paying your deposit, deadline for paying for your accommodation.

Funding Options

Consider funding from the following sources:

  • Government funding from your home & host country
  • University financial aid - Bursaries, grants, scholarships and awards
  • External Scholarships (third party organisations)
  • Student loans

For more information:




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